Saturday, May 23, 2020
Law is a method of resolution involving several different types of law in a difficult process of attempting to regulate acts of crime. Failure to code and act as debauched and damaging by an elected representative, it is not viewed as a crime; however, any act can be coded or defined by the government and can be made an act of crime. If an act is committed, and there are no provisions of punishment for the specific act, the governing body can write a new law; furthermore, no act is erroneous unless the government says it is erroneous (Robinson, 2005, pp. 50-51). What problems has society experienced when an act has not yet been coded, or the governing body has repudiated coding? The United States Congress codes all crimes at theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦53-61). Criminal law enables the government to prosecute acts committed against the government, administer punishment according to the law, all without encroaching on constitutional rights. Ã¢â¬Å"This means that the governmen t can use force to make sure the criminal law is not violated, but not so much force that it interferes with the rights of individual citizensÃ¢â¬ (Robinson, 2005, p. 62). Should certain heinous criminal law violations require an individual to relinquish their constitutional rights? Ã¢â¬Å"This approach would pronounce acts as more or less serious on the basis of the degree of harm that they cause. That is, more harmful acts would be considered more serious, and less harmful acts would be called less seriousÃ¢â¬ (Robinson, 2005, p. 63). Criminal law fails to define acts based on their level of seriousness. Ã¢â¬Å"Failure to define intentional or other forms of culpable harms as Ã¢â¬Å"crimesÃ¢â¬ can also pose a threat to social order, because citizens may perceive that their government is failing to protect themÃ¢â¬ (Robinson, 2005, p. 63). Is government failing to protect the citizens of the United States, due to the failure of properly defining the seriousness of crimes? Certain acts have been labeled as crimes committed by the poor; therefore, government laws are biased against poor people; furthermore, an even grander bias, disregarding white-collar and corporate crimes.
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
The Social Contract and Its Impact on the Government The Ã¢â¬Å"Social ContractÃ¢â¬ was a theory written in the 17th and 18th century. This theory argued four important main points. These main points said that the state existed to serve the will of the people, that people were the only source of government power, that the people were free to withhold power of the government, but also had the ability to give power to the government, and finally it stated that the ideas in this document limited government, individual rights, and popular sovereignty. James Harrington, Jean Jacques Rousseau, Thomas Hobbes, and John Locke wrote this document. Thomas Hobbes and John Locke were both very important men, and both had a tremendous influence onÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The Articles of Confederation were the NationÃ¢â¬â¢s first constitution, and was called the Ã¢â¬Å"firm league of friendshipÃ¢â¬ among the 13 states. Although there was only good in mind when they were written, the Articles of Confederation had major problems. Sin ce the nation had just left the rule of the British, the people were reluctant to have a strong government, and this is why the Articles had very limited powers. For example, the Articles did not provide for a president or a national court system. It did, however, create a Congress that allowed each state to have one vote, but these powers were limited as well. They had the power to call for war, but could not make the states obey treaties of other nations or draft for soldiers. Congress also did not have the power to regulate any sort of trade, interstate or foreign. They also did not have the power to tax individuals or states as well. Due the lack of powers written in the Article of Confederation the document was soon considered to be a failure. One of the many reasons that the Articles of Confederation was not successful was because of the problems the nation faced at that time. Just a few of the hardships the people faced included the Stamp Act of 1765, Boston Massacre 1770, Bo ston Tea Party 1773, the Intolerable Acts 1774, Lexington and Concord 1775, and finally the Declaration of Independence in July of 1776. The framers thought that the Articles could help out theShow MoreRelatedJohn Locke And Rousseau s Impact On Western Political Development1593 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages2015 Locke and Rousseau The Enlightenment saw many great thinkers, but maybe no other individuals had a greater impact on Western political development than John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Locke and Rousseau, at the core of their arguments, believed that mankind creates a social contract within society. However, Rousseau and Locke differ in their exact view of the social contract, but both agree that some individual rights must be sacrificed for the good of mankind, and that before there wasRead MoreEssay On John Locke And Thomas Hobbes1076 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesbig impact in history. Today, everyone recognizes natural rights and the modern system of government uses social contracts every day. Thomas Hobbes was born in 1588 in England. He was an Enlightenment philosopher, a scientist, and a historian. Hobbes was most popular for his political philosophies. In 1651, he wrote Leviathan, a book about politics. It talked about why he favored an absolute monarchy. He compared the Leviathan, a mythological sea monster that devoured ships, to government becauseRead MoreHobbes And Rousseau On The Social Contract Theory1625 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesRousseau on the Social Contract Theory The social contract theory focuses on the origin of states and laws, and the impact of regulated communities or states on individuals. All conceptions of the social contract theory can be harmonized to the individual desire for safety or security and the demand for fulfillment through a collective agreement which transforms the human dimension into an organized society from the primordial state. Rousseau was the first philosopher to coin the social contract terminologyRead MoreEssay about Social Contract Theory1429 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages The political world is one that impacts nearly every aspect of our day-to-day lives. Whether it be through its enforcement of laws, protection of the public, or use of taxpayer-raised monies to carry out its myriad tasks, the government makes a mark on its people. The actions of the government, while frequently ridiculed or vilified, are the result of the people themselves, operating within our system of government. So while many people may disapprove of the job Congress is doing orRead MoreThe Social Contract Of The Middle East Essay1431 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe social contracts of Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau constructed a basis upon which governments have expressed their validity and purpose. This can be observed most prominently in the Western world, due to the development of these social contracts alongside that of governments of Western nations. But the abstract roots of these theories on the foundation of government are applicable to all peoples. The Middle East is of particular interest due to the recent outcries and protests against governmentsRead MoreThomas Hobbes And John Locke1659 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe political world is one that impacts nearly every aspect of our day-to-day lives. Whether it be through its enforcement of laws, protection of the public, or use of taxpayer-raised monies to carry out its myriad tasks. The government always makes a mark on its people. The actions of the government, w hile frequently ridiculed or vilified, are the results of the people themselves, operating within our system of government. So while many people may disapprove of the job Congress is doing or the directionRead MorePrinciples Of John Locke And The Declaration Of Independence1021 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesessay and emphasizes the lasting impacts of these ideas. (35 points) Following, numerous years of tension and issues, including unfair taxation, and unlawful restrictions, Great Britain and the colonies, underwent a revolution resulting in their separation. Through their new found freedom came the Declaration of Independence, a formal proclamation affirming the colonies to be Ã ¨Free and Independent States.Ã ¨ The Declaration incorporates numerous ideas about government and people, many of which are foundRead MoreRole Of Unions During The United States899 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesto create todays labor standards. These standards include minimum wage, social security, eight-hour workday and weekends, overtime pay, the American with Disabilities Act and the Occupational Safety and Health Act. Unions help to ensure fairness in the workplace and to give a diverse workforce an equal voice. Wages and Work Hours According to Voos, Ã¢â¬Å"there is now a substantial body of research evidence on the economic impact of U.S. unionsÃ¢â¬ (2009). Unions are not outdated; they continue to make progressRead MoreThomas Hobbes And John Locke1346 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSocial Contracts Thomas Hobbes and John Locke were two English political philosophers, who have had a lasting impact on modern political science. Thomas Hobbes and John Locke both spent much of their lives attempting to identify the best form of government. Locke and Hobbes were among the most prominent of theorists when it came to social contract and human rights. A Social Contract is an agreement among the members of a society to cooperate for social benefits. Thomas Hobbes and John Locke, areRead MoreThomas Hobbes And The Constitutional Struggle1114 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHe remained in voluntary exile for 11 years. During that time he became a tutor for the Prince of Whales who was also exiled. Hobbes believed that without a social contract people would come to live in a state of nature. Meaning that there would be no common way of life and people would live in fear of one another. Without the social contract there would be no authority to set up any laws. People would behave in anarchy and chaos. Society would only act on what benefit themselves instead of each other
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Football Coach As the sun rises to its highest peak of the day, the local high school team starts heading to the dry dirt filled football field. As the athletes make their way to the field the dust rises and the smell of the soil hits their nose. The athletes continuing their daily ritual, get into their usual formations and start their warm ups. We will write a custom essay sample on Football Coach or any similar topic only for you Order Now The head coach, Shane Cox, walks around and initiates small talk with the players. Shane Cox inherited the head position at Fairfax High School in 1999. He turned around a football program that hasnÃ¢â¬â¢t won a single football game in two years; Shane Cox has won two Los Angeles Division II City Championships in the past decade. Serving for more than 13 years, Coach Cox has contributed a lot of his time and effort into this program at Fairfax High School. A high school coach has to work additional hours during the sports season. This can result in a work week over 40 hours. Working nights, holidays, evenings and weekends are common for high school coaches. A high school coach has to be prepared to work in bad weather and be willing to travel with the team to different locations for games. They also run the risk of injury due to being on the sidelines during sports games. Although Coach CoxÃ¢â¬â¢s accomplishments for coaching are impressive, his accomplishments off the field are impressive as well. A football coachÃ¢â¬â¢s job is to not only improve his player athletically, but as a person as well. How to cite Football Coach, Papers
Saturday, May 2, 2020
Discuss what is meant by the term Ã¢â¬Å"customer orientationÃ¢â¬ for an organisation in the context of the marketing mix. Please discuss two elements of the marketing mix and illustrate your answer with examples of products or brands of your choice. This essay is for discussing customer orientation and analysis how customer orientation works. During this essay, I will show you what is customer orientation and compare it with other different orientations. In addition, I will talk about marketing mix in customer-oriented organization. Finally, I will show you two brands as example for discussing and comparing about their marketing mix. Ã¢â¬Å"Customer orientationÃ¢â¬ means an organization, which is running by producing or providing affordable goods or services then making customers satisfying and raise the customer value. Ã¢â¬Å"Competitor orientationÃ¢â¬ is an opposite mode to compare with Ã¢â¬Å"customer orientationÃ¢â¬ , as competitor oriented organization, they paid more attention on what did their competitors do and how to do a better work than their competitors. ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s another orientation called Ã¢â¬ marketing orientationÃ¢â¬ , it is a kind of mode between customer orientation and competitor orientation, not only concern about what their customer need, also care about how to make them more competitive than their competitor, they do keep a balance in both customer orientation and competitor orientation. As companies and organizations, they need to choose proper marketing tools what are depend on their orientation. So, Ã¢â¬Å"marketing mixÃ¢â¬ is often crucial when determining a product or brands offer. Normally, Ã¢â¬Å"marketing mix,Ã¢â¬ means McCarthyÃ¢â¬Ës 4Ps theory, which is included Price, Product, Promotion, and Place. Afterward, the 4Ps have been expanded to the 7Ps and even more. There is another theory, which is called 4Cs; Robert F. Lauterborn put this theory forward. This theory is involved CustomersÃ¢â¬â¢ wants and needs, Cost, Communication and Convenience, different with 4Ps and 7Ps theory, the 4Cs put its emphasis on customers as a customer oriented version. Following is some comparing between 4Ps and 4Cs: (Roy McClean, 2012) Ã ·Consumer wants and needs (vs. Products) You cant develop products and then try to sell them to a mass market. You have to study consumer wants and needs and then attract consumers one by one with something each one wants. Author of the movie Field of Dreams, J. P. Cancilla may have exclusive rights to the phrase build it and they will come. In most cases, you have to find out what people want and then build it for them, their way. Ã ·Cost to satisfy (vs. Price) You have to realize that price measured in dollars is one part of the cost to satisfy. If you sell hamburgers, for example, you have to consider the cost of driving to your restaurant, the cost of conscience of eating meat, etc. One of the most difficult places to be in the business world is the retailer selling at the lowest price. If you rely strictly on price to compete you are vulnerable to competition in the long term. Ã ·Convenience to buy (vs. Place) You must think of convenience to buy instead of place. You have to know how each subset of the market prefers to buy on the Internet, from a catalogue, on the phone, using credit cards, etc. Lands End clothing, Amazon Books and Dell Computers are just a few businesses that do very well over the Internet. Ã ·Communication (vs. Promotion) You have to consider the communication instead of promotion. Promotion is manipulative (ouch! ) its from the seller. Communication requires a give and take between the buyer and seller (thats nicer). Be creative and you can make any advertising interactive. Use phone numbers, your web site address, etc. to help here. And listen to your customers when they are with you. Actually, in my point of view, customer orientation has more advantages and it is good approaches, which can make their products, get into the marketing in a short time. By knowing what do customers need, the companies are able to adjust their marketing strategy as soon as possible for making customers satisfied. Moreover, customer orientation can motivate more creative during the produce. Because the customer oriented organization have undertaken more responsibility of customers, they are able to build a much more positive brand image in customers than other orientation, at the same time, customers can get more choices as well in the customer oriented marketing. As for being a customer oriented organization, marketing research is the most important part, as we know, research is the best way to know customersÃ¢â¬â¢ need for reaching customersÃ¢â¬â¢ expectation. In addition, classify product into different categories for making customers more convenience during there expend is neccesary, as well as satisfying customers who are in different classes and having consumption habit. What I need to emphasize here is, segmentation is assignable tool to be a customer-oriented organization. Not only it can put their product into an exact marketing positioning, also can make needs of customers into a more specific categories classified. For example, companies can put their customers into different groups by consider about geographical factors, age factors, gender factors, income factors, education background factors, social status factors, personality factors, lifestyle factors, behavior factors, nationality factors, religion factors, occupation factors and more. It is really influence an organization in a positive aspect, like finding out and developing more new business chances, and put their resources into marketing by a proper way. It does increase effective uses of their resources. The customer oriented organizations also need to improve customer value, for example, like providing services more than customers bought, keeping contact with customers even customers do not spend money at their organization at these moments, trying keep customersÃ¢â¬â¢ costs lower and lower on their product than a same of other, having actions after customers give advises and complaintsÃ¢â¬ ¦ As a successful customer oriented organization, they must earn trust and customer loyalty from their customer as the first step. Then build a strong positive image and finally keep a long-term friendly relationship with their customers. Next, I will show you two different brands and analyze them by marketing mix, from product and promotion these two aspects and simply compare them. Zara is a Spanish clothing and accessories retailer based in Arteixo, Galicia, and founded in 1975 by Amancio Ortega and Rosalia Mera. It is the flagship chain store of the Inditex group and the worlds largest apparel retailer as well. As we know, the biggest characteristic of Zara is the Ã¢â¬Å"fast fashionÃ¢â¬ mode. This amazing group can complete a mount of product from design, produce to ready for selling within only 15 days. Moreover, Zara can push over 120000 kinds of style in a year, but only a few mounts for each will be sold in one flagship store. It means, you may not able to find the cloth you had seen it few days ago, and when you were shopping in Zara, you can see the totally different clothes with last week. Actually, Zara is a typical customer oriented organization, they shows the newest fashion to customers even the fashion is just imitative fakes. They can let their customers catch fashion as soon as possible but do not need to afford the expansive costs as buying luxury brand. For these reasons, Zara does not need sales promotion to motivate customers consume, they have already built a strong customer loyalty and own a positive public relations, customers always can get something within their budget at Zara. Also, Zara let all their customers know, most of their clothes are made in Europe for showing their lineage. As for another brand, Gucci is an Italian fashion and leather goods brand, part of the Gucci Group, which is owned by French company Kering formerly known as PPR. Gucci was founded by Guccio Gucci in Florence in 1921. As everyone knows, Gucci is a luxury brand and lead the top fashion nowadays, their products are only provide to high consumption of social classes by a quiet expansive price. But even the price is not affordable, they still attract a mount of customers by their Luxurious,simpleness and top fashion design. Not only it is a symbol of luxury, it also reflects a high level taste of fashion. There is no doubt that Gucci always keep their products in a superior quality for being a luxury brand. Moreover, Gucci is really good at making use of celebrity effect for raise their brand value, and Gucci always let their customers feeling that, Gucci means the upper class. I have to say, it is really a smart promotion method, which combine public relations and advertising Ã¢â¬âÃ¢â¬â make a equal between their brand image and luxurious by let celebrities to be their advertise. So even I do not think Gucci is a pure customer orientation, they do make a great success in their field. Actually, Zara and Gucci are both fashion brand but have total different marketing positioning. Gucci is in a brand group who truly lead the top fashion, and produce high-end and exquisite product. Different with Gucci, Zara is just produce Ã¢â¬Å"fake fashionÃ¢â¬ by imitate, but can make a huge profit by the marketing mode. I cannot decide which one is better, but they are both successful that we cannot deny. In the paragraphs above, I have talked definitions about customer orientation, competitor orientation and marketing orientation. Then, I discussed about marketing mix and compared 4Ps theory and 4Cs theory. Afterward, I talked about advantages and necessary elements for being a customer oriented organization. At the final part of my essay, there are two successful brand were showed by me and I compare the different mode of them in the last paragraph.
Tuesday, March 24, 2020
The salespeople in these stores clearly donÃ¢â¬â¢t understand the FinalScratch concept, so they either give potential customers bad information about it or steer them to products from your competitors. No wonder sales are so bad at this chain. Your task: YouÃ¢â¬â¢re tempted to pull your products out of this chain immediately, but you know how difficult and expensive it is to recruit new retailers in this market. However, this situation canÃ¢â¬â¢t go on; youÃ¢â¬â¢re losing thousands of dollars of potential business every week. Write a letter to Jackson Fletcher, the CEO of Music99 (14014 Preston Pike, Dover, DE 19901), expressing your disappointment in what you observed and explaining that the Music99 sales staff will need to agree to attend product training or else your companyÃ¢â¬â¢s management team will consider terminating the business relationship. YouÃ¢â¬â¢ve met Mr. Fletcher in person once and talked to him on the phone several times, and you know him well enough to know that he will not be pleased by this ultimatum. We will write a custom essay sample on Listen to the Music or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Music99 does a good job selling other Stanton productsÃ¢â¬âand heÃ¢â¬â¢ll probably be furious to learn that you were Ã¢â¬Å"spyingÃ¢â¬ on his sales staff. 43
Friday, March 6, 2020
neurofibromatosis essays Neurofibromatosis 1 and 2 are both autosomal dominant genetic disorders, meaning that one only needs to be born with one abnormal gene to have the condition, and are also both transmitted the same way. The gene responsible for Neurofibromatosis (NF) can either be inherited from a parent, or can occur at random in an individual with no family history of NF due to a spontaneous mutation. Once an individual has the NF gene, there is a 50% chance that said gene will be passed onto a child, due to the genes dominant nature. It is equally possible that a child of a parent with NF will be completely free of the disorder. There are extreme variations witnessed in affected individuals even within the same family. The same NF gene present in different family members can result in varying severity of NF symptoms. For example, a parent suffering from severe NF can have a child with very mild NF. Presently, there is no way to predict the specific symptoms or severity a person affected by NF will develop. The most common form of NF is NF1 (Also known as Von Recklinghausen disease or peripheral NF) occurring in 1:4 000 births. NF1 is usually diagnosed by freckling in the armpit or groin areas, optic glioma (a tumor on the optic nerve), severe scoliosis (curvature of the spine), enlargement of certain bones, caf-au-lait macules (flat coffee-colored patches on the skin), lison nodules (small pigmented lumps in the iris), and neurofibromas (small swellings arising from the fibrous outer lining of nerves) which are often unsightly and surgically removed. Neurofibromas may undergo malignant change to become cancerous, producing neurofibrosarcomas. Most cases of NF1 are mild to moderates, but some may be more severe. Severe NF1 symptoms can include disfigurement, blindness, deafness, skeletal abnormalities, tumors, and learning. Approximately 50% of people with ei ...
Wednesday, February 19, 2020
Creation and evolution - Research Paper Example This paper will compare and contrast the two ideologies illustrating their similarities and differences. In addition, the paper will base its creationism comparison on Christianity. Creationism refers to the belief and the ideology that humanity exists and there is a deity which varies among the difference in beliefs (Comet, 117). Followers of this ideology believe that there is a creator who is responsible for the creation of the world and all inhabitants and components such as animals, natural resources and humans. This ideology is solely on the basis of the particular religion one believes in and is considered as a concept of faith. According to the book of Genesis in the Bible, the world was created by God in a timeframe of 7days (Comet, 117). One difference that exists between the two concepts is that in creationism everything has a purpose. It was all created uniquely and ideally by a super natural being to fulfill this purpose (Crothers, 234-235). In addition, this belief also states that God created everything according to its kind, for example, rats only make rats, sharks only make sharks and humans only make humans (Comet, 117). In contrast to creationism which is believes in a fixed status and existence of a supernatural being, evolution theories are based on the spontaneity and metamorphosis of humans and other components of nature in order to be better adjusted to the changing environment (Crothers, 234-235). This has often been termed survival of the fittest, whereby the species better suited for certain environmental conditions survive, whilst those that do not die and are unable to pass their genotypes and phenotypes to the next generation. (Scott, 55-64). In essence, the theory of evolution is not based on faith and religion like creationism, but rather on development. Using the example mentioned above, could result in rats evolving into sharks (Comet, 117). The